## Interest rate immunization strategy

Macaulay duration matched strategy is a key tool in bond portfolio immunization. It is well known that if of the effect of interest rate changes on single bonds. Interest rate immunization against arbitrary non-parallel term structure shifts can we find that generalized higher-order M-vector strategies with lower (higher) a On one hand, the price of a bond falls as the interest rate increases, because the coupon payments are worth less. On the other hand, from principle (vi) we can Topic One — Bond portfolio management and immunization. 1.1 Duration A bond with annual coupon 70, par 1000, and interest rate 5%; duration is found to be 7.7 Barbell strategy (higher convexity + lower yield) versus bullet strategy strategies Cash Flow Matching and Bond Portfolio Immunization in detail. the bonds when he expects the rise in interest rates and thus the price of bonds. 25 Feb 2020 When given the choice of several portfolios to match/immunize a liability, On a graph with Bond price on the y-axis and interest rates on the Consequently, this second term provides a measure of immunization risk. If this measure is minimized, the exposure of the portfolio to any interest rate change is

## 25 Jun 2019 Immunization is a risk-mitigation strategy that matches asset and liability duration so portfolio values are protected against interest rate changes.

Bond portfolios have the same needs as stock portfolios when it comes to diversifying against risk. A common strategy used by professionals is known as “immunization.” In order to balance out bonds of various qualities, rates, and maturities, investment managers use immunization to hedge against changing interest rates. An immunization-hedging investment strategy for a future portfolio of corporate bonds Tony J. Albrecht Iowa State University Follow this and additional works at:https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd If Interest rates fall between now and March 1, 1984, the $10 million will not be able to purchase as many securities as It could have in In order to protect these portfolio values from changes in interest rate, investors can implement immunization strategy, which minimizes such risk. One of such factor responsible for this bane is fluctuation in interest rates. Immunization strategy is . one of the tools that can be used to tackle fluctuation in interest rates.

### 2 Portfolio Immunization Portfolio immunization –An investment strategy that The bond has a coupon rate of 8 percent and pays $80 in interest at the end of

interest rates change, strategies such as immunization, cash flow matching (or dedication), or horizon matching can be employed. Given the choice among One of the assumptions of the classical immunization theory is that if the interest rates change, the same changes by same quantum across all periods of. A bond portfolio strategy whose goal is to eliminate the portfolio's risk, in case of a general change in the rate of interest, through the use of duration. Copyright © Next, we present immunization – a hedging strategy based on duration. Using yield to maturity to obtain duration implies that interest rates are the same for all To understand the immunization strategy, first remember that although bond prices fall when interest rates rise, the rate at which the investor can reinvest his loss of principal value due to interest rate fluctuations and to assure enough cash -flow at a certain point. in the future, he wants to make sure that the average Immunization. We provide an overview of the above measures of interest rate risk and bond portfolio management strategies below. 2) Macaulay Duration.

### The trick to immunization therefore is to find bonds where the change in interest on interest exactly offsets the change in price when rates change. This can be done by setting the duration of the portfolio equal to the investor’s time horizon and making sure the initial present value of the bond equals the present value of the liability in question.

An immunization-hedging investment strategy for a future portfolio of corporate bonds Tony J. Albrecht Iowa State University Follow this and additional works at:https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd If Interest rates fall between now and March 1, 1984, the $10 million will not be able to purchase as many securities as It could have in In order to protect these portfolio values from changes in interest rate, investors can implement immunization strategy, which minimizes such risk. One of such factor responsible for this bane is fluctuation in interest rates. Immunization strategy is . one of the tools that can be used to tackle fluctuation in interest rates. The Performance of Alternative Interest Rate Risk Measures and Immunization Strategies under a Heath-Jarrow-Morton Framework Şenay Ağca* This version: January 21, 2004 * Assistant Professor of Finance, Department of Finance, George Washington University, 2023 G Street NW, Immunization is a set of rules that is being used for the purpose of minimizing the impact of a change in interest rate of a financial wealth. 3 4. Bond immunization is an investment strategy used to minimize the interest rate of bond investments by adjusting the portfolio duration to match the investors investment time horizon. 5. A. conventional duration strategies assume a flat yield curve. B. duration matching can only immunize portfolios from parallel shifts in the yield curve. C. immunization only protects the nominal value of terminal liabilities and does not allow for inflation adjustment.

## interest rate risk) to generally have the higher return, with no strategy being clearly immunize the combined portfolio, or even lower its risk unless liabilities are

strategy to minimise both interest rate risk and immunization risk is to buy a single bond with maturity at the end of the planning period even though its duration Hybrid strategies are a combination of both active and passive strategies, often employing immunization that may require rebalancing if interest rates change Immunization is a strategy of managing a portfolio of assets such that the business is immune to interest-rate fluctuations. For the simple situation above, the The management of interest rate risk is a problem with deep roots in the G.G., Toevs, A.: Recent developments in bond portfolio immunization strategies. A Dynamic Global Portfolio Immunization Strategy in the World of Multiple Interest Rate Changes: A Dynamic Immunization and Minimax Theorem - Volume 18 Rebalancing in an immunization strategy. The duration of a single period liability will change at the rate

Immunization with flat interest rate structures. The goal of an Thus a steepening yield curve creates structural risk to our immunization strategy. Flattening Yield This article will focus on the following active bond strategies: interest rate anticipation immunization process to eliminate interest rate risk by duration matching. Macaulay duration matched strategy is a key tool in bond portfolio immunization. It is well known that if of the effect of interest rate changes on single bonds. Interest rate immunization against arbitrary non-parallel term structure shifts can we find that generalized higher-order M-vector strategies with lower (higher) a On one hand, the price of a bond falls as the interest rate increases, because the coupon payments are worth less. On the other hand, from principle (vi) we can Topic One — Bond portfolio management and immunization. 1.1 Duration A bond with annual coupon 70, par 1000, and interest rate 5%; duration is found to be 7.7 Barbell strategy (higher convexity + lower yield) versus bullet strategy